An internet protocol or IP address is a unique set of numbers that sits behind a web address and identifies the location of a specific server.
The IP address tells the computer where to send information to and retrieve packets of information from.
A web address is always linked to a specific IP address, which is in the form of four sets of digits separated by decimals.
These numbers are referred to as octets because when they are translated into binary, each set contains 8 digits.
The purpose of using octets separated by decimals is so that addresses can be split into classes which are then assigned, to specific businesses, organizations, or government entities.
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