The Xen Project, a project hosted at The Linux Foundation, has announced the release of Xen Project 4.7. The release would minimize downtime and improve the user experience with non-disruptive security patching, and includes security enhancements for embedded, automotive, IoT and new security use cases. The new release also adds support for the latest hardware features from Intel and ARM.
Xen Project Hypervisor 4.7 comes equipped with Live Patching, a technology that enables re-boot free deployment of security patches to minimize disruption and downtime during security upgrades for system administrators and DevOps practitioners.
Xen Project 4.7 implements version 1 of the Hypervisor Live Patching specification, which is designed to encode the vast majority of security patches (approximately 90%) as Live Patching payloads. This version ships with a Live Patching enabled hypervisor and payload deployment tools and is available as a technology preview.
For security, embedded automotive and IoT use cases, Xen Project introduced the ability to remove core Xen Hypervisor features at compile time via KCONFIG. This ability creates a more lightweight hypervisor and eliminates extra attack surfaces that are beneficial in security-first environments, microservice architectures and environments that have heavy compliance and certification needs, like automotive.
“The Xen Project hypervisor is innovating in all areas and continues to evolve to meet the new needs of cloud computing and compute infrastructures,” said Lars Kurth, chairperson of the Xen Project advisory board. “Xen Project 4.7 is a testament to the incredible collaboration that is happening within the community, and a continuation of our shorter release cycle.”
The Xen Project powers more than 10 million users across enterprise and cloud computing in addition to embedded and mobile devices. First to market with Intel and ARM features, many of the world’s largest companies and service providers use and invest in Xen Project software.
Major contributions for this release come from AMD, ARM, Bitdefender, Bosch, Broadcom, Citrix, Fujitsu, GlobalLogic, Huawei, Intel, Linaro, Netflix, Novetta, NSA, Oracle, Red Hat, Star Lab, SUSE, Xilinx, and a number of universities and individuals.
The following new features and capabilities are available in Xen Project Hypervisor 4.7:
- Usability Improvements – In Xen 4.7, a new XL command line interface to manage PVUSB devices has been introduced to manage PVUSB devices for PV guests. The new XL commands also enables hot-plugging of USB devices as well as QEMU disk backends, such as drbd, iscsi, and more in HVM guests. This new feature allows users to add and remove disk backends to virtual machines without the need to reboot the guest. In addition, the soft reset for HVM guests allows for a more graceful shutdown and restart of the HVM guest.
- Support for a wider range of workloads and applications – The PV guest limit restriction of 512GB has been removed to allow the creation of huge PV domains in the TB range. TB sized VMs, coupled with Xen Project’s existing support for 512 vCPUs per VM, enable execution of memory and compute intensive workloads, like big data analytics workloads and in-memory databases.
- Improved Live Migration support – CPU ID Levelling enables migration of VM’s between a larger range of non-identical hosts than previously supported.
- Enhanced Development with ARM – Xen Project now supports booting on hosts that expose ACPI 6.0 (and later) information. The ARM Server Base Boot Requirements (SBBR) stipulate that compliant systems need to express hardware resources with ACPI; thus this support will come in useful for ARM Servers. This effort was carried out by Shannon Zhao of Linaro with minor patches from Julien Grall of ARM.
Additionally, PSCI 1.0 compatibility allows Xen Project software to operate on systems that expose PSCI 1.0 methods. Now, all 1.x versions of PSCI will be compatible with Xen Project software.
Intel Xeon Processor
- New feature support for the Intel Xeon processor product family – Xen Project 4.7 supports VT-d Posted Interrupts, which provides hardware-level acceleration to increase interrupt virtualization efficiency. It reduces latency and improves user experience through performance improvements, especially for interrupt-intensive front- end workloads such as web servers.
Xen Project 4.7 would be the first to include Code and Data Prioritization (CDP), part of the Intel Resource Director Technology (RDT) Framework and an extension of Cache Allocation Technology (CAT), first introduced in Xen Project 4.6. The introduction of CDP allows isolation of code/data within the shared L3 cache of multi-tenant environments, reducing contention and improving performance.
Additional features specific to the Intel Xeon processor family in Xen Project 4.7 include: VMX TSC Scaling, which allows for easier migration between machines with different CPU frequencies and support for Memory Protection Keys, a new security feature for hardening the software stack.
“Intel is focused on enabling widespread cloud adoption and works across the industry to deliver the best architecture for the current and future needs of compute, storage, and networking,” said Susie Li, Director of Virtualization, Intel Open Source Technology Center and Xen Project Advisory Board Member. “The work the Xen Project community has achieved underpins many of the world’s largest and most successful data centers in the world, setting the standard for performance, security, and capabilities. Xen Project 4.7 is developed with the latest Intel platform features to make it easier to deploy and scale clouds, so businesses can deliver services to their customers faster and more securely.”